Getting Started - Chapter 2 - Making Copies

Copying Meshes

The two main ways to copy a mesh is to clone it or create an instance of it. Cloning gives you an independent copy of a mesh whereas an instance is still linked to the original for its material. You cannot change the material of an instance of a mesh. There are also advanced ways of creating copies which are available in the Mesh Chapter

To clone the house use

clonedHouse = house.clone("clonedHouse")

and for an instance it is

instanceHouse = house.createInstance("instanceHouse")

As at this point in our world all the houses will use the same material we will go with createInstance.

Before we do that we combine the building functions to produce a house of width 1 or 2, a detached or semi-detached house respectively.

Expanding the House Building Function

We now enlarge the ground and increase the camera radius a little to fit several house on and be able to view them. To begin with we build one house of each type position them. After we will create instances of these for the remaining houses. After deciding on the type, position and orientation for the other houses we will use a loop to create the them.

const houses = [];
for (let i = 0; i < places.length; i++) {
if (places[i][0] === 1) {
houses[i] = detached_house.createInstance("house" + i);
}
else {
houses[i] = semi_house.createInstance("house" + i);
}
houses[i].rotation.y = places[i][1];
houses[i].position.x = places[i][2];
houses[i].position.z = places[i][3];
}
Creating Multiple House Instances

Village 1

As before, in order to keep the upper parts of the playground editor for newer code we will put the building of these houses into a function.

Wrapping Instances Into a Function

Now the world we are building is a little more complex let's take a file of the village and re-visit viewing it as part of a web site we want to enhance.

Importing the Village as a .glb File