Motion Blur Post Process

Introduction

You can find an example of the motion blur post-process in our playground: Motion Blur Post Process Example

Creating the motion blur post-process

You just have to create an instance of BABYLON.MotionBlurPostProcess

var motionblur = new BABYLON.MotionBlurPostProcess(
"mb", // The name of the effect.
scene, // The scene containing the objects to blur according to their velocity.
1.0, // The required width/height ratio to downsize to before computing the render pass.
camera // The camera to apply the render pass to.
);

The blur is based on objects velocities. More the object's transformation is changing fast, more the blur is high for the object. Velocity is affected by each object position, rotation and scale:

  • Rotation: Rotational Motion Blur
  • Scale: Scaling Motion Blur
  • Position: Positional Motion Blur

Customizing

By default, the post-process will blur the scene using a coefficient named motionStrength. Its default value is equal to 1 and can be customized:

motionblur.motionStrength = 2; // double the blur effect

Example: Customizing Motion Blur

For performances/quality reason, you can also customize the blur quality. To blur an image, the effect takes, for the current pixel, some samples around the current pixel one. More you take samples, more the quality of the blur is high. So, you can customize the number of samples using the property motionBlurSamples. Its default value is equal to 32:

motionblur.motionBlurSamples = 16; // divide quality by 2

Optimizing your application

By default, the post-process will blur all objects that generate a velocity (position, rotation and scale). This includes also skinned meshes animated by its bones. Sometimes, complex skinned meshes can have too much bones and can generate a drop in framerate. You can decide to exclude a skinned mesh from bones computation while rendering the velocity map and apply blur only on their position/rotation/scale variation. The MotionBlurPostProcess provides an helper to add and remove skinned meshes:

// Now, the mesh "mySkinnedMesh" will not compute bones velocities and will save performances.
motionblur.excludeSkinnedMesh(mySkinnedMesh);
// Previously excluded, the mesh "mySkinnedMesh" will now compute bones velocities for a better render.
motionblur.removeExcludedSkinnedMesh(mySkinnedMesh);

Limitations

To save performances, the motion blur's velocity map is rendered at the same time than depth buffer and normal buffer using the geometry render buffer. The clear color of the render buffer collides with the needed clear color of the velocity map and can generate glitchs like this: Limitations In The Motion Blur Post Process. As a limitation, your scene must occur in a closed environment OR have at least a skybox to hide the empty space that causes these glitchs.

The Motion Blur post-process needs at least support of WebGL 2 or WebGL 1 with multiple render targets support. If not available, the post-process will work as a passthrough.